Lithium is the only metal to be borne out of the Big Bang and is the lightest metal. It is mainly used in ceramics and glass, greases, pharmaceutical compounds, air conditioners and aluminium production due to its high energy storage capacity per kilogram. Found as a solid mineral in rock, clay deposits, as well as dissolved in brine, more than half of the world’s lithium comes from Australia. California is also home to a ‘Lithium Valley’ where investors, policymakers, startups and energy providers are extracting geothermal brines of the Salton Sea to mine lithium in a ‘green’ way. The Geological Survey of India recently discovered 5.9 million tonnes of inferred resources of lithium in Jammu & Kashmir’s Reasi district.
Today: December 11, 2023